There is a dearth of publications on the phonetics and phonology of Brunei English (BrunE). To date, there have only been four published works investigating the sounds of this English variety and out of the four, only one incorporated the use of acoustic measurements. The present study provides an in-depth instrumental investigation of the segmental features of educated BrunE speech. Its objectives are three-fold: first, it contributes to the literature on the phonetics of BrunE; second, it aims to investigate the extent of the reliability of acoustic measurements in describing a language variety; and third, it examines the feasibility of describing an emerging English variety on its own terms without reference to an inner circle variety such as British English (BrE). Comparison is, however, made to Singapore English (SgE). This is because it has been suggested that an English lingua franca with shared pronunciation features is developing in the Southeast Asian region. Comparison to SgE, therefore, allows an assessment of the relationship between these two English varieties, and thereby place BrunE within the context of the Southeast Asian Englishes and also the World Englishes.
The book is an ambitious attempt to answer important questions for resource dependent countries in general and Brunei in particular regarding the role and effectiveness of national planning in the drive for economic diversification. It reviews the history of economic planning in Brunei from the First National Development Plan to the present one. Economic planning should bring forward dynamics of change and help provide a clear direction to government policies and expenditure programs and initiate effective measures to set in motion the required structural and institutional changes to enable both the government and the private sector to make their full contribution. The book also contains extensive case studies on other resource dependent countries' experiences and applies statistical techniques to relevant data in an attempt to measure the extent of Dutch Disease in Brunei. This is an original research and as such it makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the resource curse, or Dutch Disease, phenomenon. The book gives an extensive literature review of Dutch Disease.
This research study investigated whether large-scale international classroom studies have the capacity to connect with and offer insights into the classroom practices of individual teachers in Brunei Darussalam. In this study, the categorising scheme and results of the TIMSS-99 Video Study were used to examine the practices of four Grade 8 mathematics classrooms in Brunei. The comparative analyses were made possible by the application of the analytical codes of the TIMSS-99 Video Study to the Brunei video data. Adapting the Learner''s Perspective Study (LPS) data collection methods in combination with the analytical framework of the TIMSS-99 Video Study, generated a substantial body of detailed data about each of those four classrooms, sufficient to characterise the practices of those classrooms using the TIMSS-99 Video Study coding scheme and to support comparison with the TIMSS-99 Video Study findings. The study revealed between-teacher variations that problematise the usefulness of national typifications of practice, while proposing that international studies can suggest salient dimensions of practice otherwise unnoticed in familiar classrooms.
Including a Malaysian Borneo section with hikes and off-the-beaten-track destinations, this book focuses on sustainable travel and eco-friendly listings. It provides coverage of Malaysia's awesome adventure activities and in-depth information on city hot spots of Kuala Lumpur and Singapore. Формат: 12,5 см x 19,5 cм.